As a teacher, the Prophet (PBUH) himself cultivated his companions and taught them in a way that the entire of Arab peninsula changed over the span of just twenty three years. The following are some qualities and attributes of a teacher, that the Prophet (PBUH) practically had and the teachers of the present time can implement in their educational institutes.
Showing kindness to the students:
Using a kind and gentle method in teaching (especially teaching Islam) is very useful. On the other hand, adopting a strict stand in teaching and all other matters can lead a person to commit mistakes and insisting on it, is another mistake. The Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness, and He rewards for gentleness what He does not reward for harshness or for anything else.” (Muslim 2593).
And Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“There is no gentleness in a thing but it adorns it, and it is not removed from something but it mars it.” (Muslim 2594)
Being concerned about the Betterment of Students:
Allah Himself mentioned this attribute in the Holy Quran:
“There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful.” (At-Taubah 9:128)
Similarly the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also advised his companions to have such attribute. He (PBUH) said:
“O Abu Dharr. I think that you are weak, and I love for you what I love for myself.’ (Muslim 1826).
The teacher must show humbleness towards his students, he should be aware of their weakness and give them enough time to solve their problems. Abu Rifa‘ah said:
“I came to the Prophet (PBUH) while he was delivering a sermon and I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, here is a stranger who has come to ask you about his religion, for he does not know what his religion is.’ The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) turned to me and left his sermon. He came to me, and a chair was brought, I thought its legs were made of iron. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sat on it and started telling me of what Allah had told him, then he went back and completed his sermon.” (Muslim 876).
Having Hikmah (Wisdom):
Hikmah means here wisdom of the application of the right knowledge at the right time to a specific issue. Narrated Abu Huriarah (May Allah Be Pleased with him) that:
“A Bedouin stood up and started urinating in the mosque. The people caught him but the Prophet (PBUH) ordered them to leave him and to pour a bucket or a tumbler of water over the place where he had passed the urine.” (Al-Bukhari 220).
This hadith outlines that even a big mistake committed by a person ignorant of the laws of Shariah should be tolerated and he should be politely told that what he had done was not proper. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) allowed the Bedouin to complete his urination in the mosque because he had already started doing it. Had the man been stopped in the middle, it would have caused harm to his body system, or else he would start running away in panic, and the drops of urine would have defiled not only a considerable part of the mosque but also his own body and clothes. This was the proper way that the Prophet (PBUH) dealt the Bedouin man with and it is called Hikmah.
Being patient in answering the question, and leaving what you do not have knowledge about:
Almighty Allah mentioned this His Book, He says: “And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge.” (Al-Isra 17:36) and the Prophet (PBUH) practically acted upon this verse. It is narrated that Jabir bin Abdullah (May Allah pleased with him) asked the Prophet (PBUH): “O Allah’s Messenger! What shall I do regarding my property? How shall I distribute it?” the Prophet (PBUH) did not reply till the Divine Verses of inheritance were revealed. (Al-Bukhari 6723).
Answering what a teacher may know that his students are ignorant of, even if they do not ask about it:
Abu Hurairah (May Allah Be Pleased with him) narrated that:
“A man asked Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) ‘O Messenger of Allah! We sail the seas, and we only carry a little water with us. If we use it for Wudu then we will go thirsty. So shall we perform Wudu from the (water of the) sea?’ Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said: “its water is pure, and its dead are lawful.” (At-Tirmidhi 69). This narration indicates that the man asked only about the purification of water but the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said that not only the water is pure, but its dead animals are also lawful to eat.
These are a few of the attributes and qualities of the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) as a teacher, in fact he is the role model and an excellent example for us to be followed. As Allah, the Lord of the Worlds Himself says about him:
“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.” (Al-Ahzab 33:21).
We ask Allah to Enable us to adopt such great qualities that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had as a teacher and Make us to spread the teachings of Islam through these gentle methods. Ameenby